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Tracheostomy

1. Introduction

Tracheostomy is defined as a surgical formation of opening into the trachea through the neck to allow passage of air. “Merrium Webster dictionary”. Tracheostomy could be temporary or permanent. Permanent tracheotomy is usually performed after total laryngectomy. This process involves exteriorizing the trachea to the skin of the neck, thereby producing a fistula or permanent opening. This permanent opening is also known as a tracheostoma.


Great many lives have been saved by timely tracheostomy. In fact this surgery happens to be one of the oldest known surgical procedures performed on humans. History is replete with instances where this procedure has been dramatized.